Water conservation encompasses the policies, strategies and activities made to manage water as a sustainable resource, to protect the water environment, and to meet current and future human demand. Population, household size, and growth and affluence all affect how much water is used. Factors such as climate change will increase pressures on natural water resources especially in industrial and agriculture
The goals of water conservation efforts include:
Ensuring availability of water for future generations. This requires that the withdrawal of fresh water from an ecosystem does not exceed its natural replacement rate.
Water pumping, delivery and waste water treatment facilities consume a significant amount of energy. In some regions of the world over 15% of total electricity consumption is devoted to water management.
Minimizing human water use helps to preserve freshwater habitats for local wildlife and migrating waterfowl, as well as reduces the need to build new dams and other water diversion infrastructures.
Water efficiency is reducing water wastage by measuring the amount of water required for a particular purpose and the amount of water used or delivered. Water efficiency differs from water conservation in that it focuses on reducing waste, not restricting use. Solutions for water efficiency focus not only on reducing the amount of portable water used, but also on reducing the use of non-potable water where appropriate (i.e. flushing toilet, watering landscape, etc.). It also emphasizes the influence consumers can have in water efficiency by making small behavioral changes to reduce water wastage and by choosing more water efficient products.
Water conservation is beneficial reduction in water loss, waste or use.” Water conservation includes all of the policies, programs and practices designed to help you use less water. The goal is to use only the water you need; for example, turning off the water when you brush your teeth, or only running the dishwasher when it’s full. While water efficiency is minimization of the amount of water used to accomplish a function, task or result.” Water efficiency means doing more with less water; Water efficiency can also lead to significant savings in money and energy. While water efficiency is important and makes saving water automatic, it is still important to conserve water and not waste it because – now more than ever – every drop is precious.
Aims & Scope
Water Conservation and Efficiency aims to target the developing multidisciplinary areas in sciences and engineering associated with water conservation. The Journal welcomes original contributions that potentially involve multidisciplinary research and considers sustainable management and conservation of water as a valuable resource. Contributions should have relevance and implication on sustainable water conservation practices from individual household to community level, as well as from regional, national and international scales. Contributors may emphasize any of the aforesaid aspects of water conservation. Manuscripts that report only laboratory works
without in-depth discussion and implications on improving water conservation practices will not be included for publication in the journal.
Water Conservation Science & Engineering publishes original research papers, critical and comprehensive reviews, analyses and case studies on topics, which include but are not limited to:
1. Novel and/or innovative materials and technological solutions to improve water quantity and quality aspects that contribute significantly towards sustainable water conservation practices.
2. Environmental monitoring of chemical and microbiological contaminants in source and treated waters and/or quantitative risk assessments for potential reuse in potable and non-potable applications.
3. Demonstration on the concept of integrated water resources management or equivalent in rural, urban or mixed-setting, as well as agricultural and industrial applications.
4. Societal, economic, institutional and policy aspects of strategies to improve the sustainability of water conservation practices, including strategies for managing water resource supply and demand, water substitution and reuse, enhancing the water-energy nexus and sustainability of the water industry.
5. Life cycle assessment and management of water resources to improve resource efficiency, conserve water resources and reduce water pollution.